U.S. Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Investigation
|For Immediate Release
|October 13, 1996
|| FBI National Press Office
Final 1995 crime statistics released today
by the FBI showed that 13.9 million Crime Index offenses were
to law enforcement across the Nation. The 1995 total represents
a rate of 5,278 offenses for every 100,000 United States
The number of crimes was down 1 percent from 1994, while the
crime rate declined 2 percent. The number of violent crimes
3 percent, while the rate of violent crimes dropped 4 percent.
In the eight U.S. cities with more than one million population,
decrease in the number of violent crimes was 8 percent. In the
64 largest cities, with populations over 250,000, Crime Index
dropped 3 percent.
These statistics are based on a Crime Index
of selected violent and property offenses reported to the FBI's
Uniform Crime Reporting Program by over 16,000 law enforcement
agencies, covering 95 percent of the Nation's population.
Estimates are included for non-reporting areas. The 1995 data
appear in Crime in the United States, the FBI's annual
which was released today.
Highlights from the 1995 edition include:
- ---In 1995, the Crime Index total of 13.9
million offenses, 1 percent lower than the 1994 total and 7
than the 1991 total, represented the fourth consecutive annual
decline. A comparison with 1986 figures, however, showed a
increase over the last
- ---By region, the Southern States recorded
38 percent of all Crime Index offenses reported to law
The lowest volume was reported in the Northeastern States,
accounting for 16 percent of the total. All regions except the
showed Crime Index decreases compared to 1994 figures.
- ---Property valued at $15.6 billion was
stolen in connection with all Crime Index offenses.
- ---The 1995 Crime Index rate, 5,278 per
100,000 population, was 2 percent lower than in 1994. For 5- and
trend increments, the 1995 rate, the lowest since 1985, was 11
percent lower than the 1991 rate and 4 percent lower than 1986.
- ---Geographically, the total Crime Index
rates ranged from 6,083 in the West to 4,180 in the Northeast.
regions recorded rate declines, 1994 versus 1995.
- ---The Crime Index rate was 5,761 per
100,000 inhabitants in the Nationžs Metropolitan Statistical
Areas (MSAs) and 5,315 per 100,000 for cities outside MSAs. The lowest rate
was registered by the collective rural counties at 2,083 per
- ---Violent crimes (murder, forcible rape,
robbery, and aggravated assault) reported to the countryžs law
enforcement agencies during 1995 dropped below 1.8 million
offenses resulting in the lowest violent crime rate since 1989;
685 violent crimes for every 100,000 inhabitants.
- ---From 1994 to 1995, the violent crimes
collectively decreased by 3 percent. The 1995 total was 6
percent below the 1991 figure, but 21 percent above the 1986 figure.
- ---Data collected on weapons used in
connection with murder, robbery, and aggravated assault showed
personal weapons (hands, fists, feet, etc.) were used in 31
percent of the offenses and that firearms were used in 30
proportion of violent crimes committed with firearms remained
relatively stable from 1994 to 1995.
- ---Aggravated assaults accounted for 61
percent and robberies for 32 percent of all violent crimes
reported to law
enforcement in 1995.
- ---A special study focusing on the use of
weapons in violent crimes is included in this yearžs publication.
- ---The estimated property crime total in
1995 decreased 1 percent to 12.1 million offenses, the lowest
1987. The 1995 property crime rate was 4,593 offenses per
100,000 population, 1 percent lower than the 1994 figure and 11
lower than the 1991 figure.
- ---Larceny-theft, which comprised 66
percent of property crimes reported, increased 2 percent from
1994 to 1995.
All other property crimes declined. Burglary accounted for 22
percent of property crime totals and motor vehicle theft for 12
- ---The value of property stolen in connection with
property crimes was estimated at $15.1 billion for 1995, an average of $1,251
per offense reported.
- ---Law enforcement agencies nationwide
recorded a 21-percent Crime Index clearance rate in 1995. The
rate for violent crimes was 45 percent; for property crimes, 18
- ---Among the Crime Index offenses, the
clearance rate was highest for murder, 65 percent, and lowest for
burglary, 13 percent.
- ---Offenses involving only offenders under
18 years of age accounted for 22 percent of the overall Crime
clearances, 14 percent of the violent crime clearances, and 25
percent of the property crime clearances.
- ---During the year, law enforcement
agencies made an estimated 15.1 million arrests for all criminal
excluding traffic violations. The highest arrest counts were for
larceny-theft and drug abuse violations, each at 1.5 million.
driving under the influence and simple assaults followed at 1.4
and 1.3 million arrests, respectively. Relating the number of
the total U.S. population, the rate was 5,807 arrests per 100,000
- ---The total number of arrests for all
offenses except traffic violations increased
1 percent from 1994 to 1995.
- ---Of all persons arrested in 1995, 44
percent were under the age of 25, 80 percent were male, and 67
- ---Larceny-theft was the offense resulting
in the most arrests of females and of persons under the age of
Adults were most often arrested for driving under the influence,
and males most frequently for drug abuse violations.
- ---The murder count for 1995 totaled
21,597, a total 7 percent lower than 1994 and 13 percent lower
The murder rate was 8 per 100,000 inhabitants.
- ---Based on supplemental data received, 77
percent of murder victims in 1995 were males, and 88 percent were
persons 18 years or older. By race, 49 percent of victims were
black and 48 percent were white.
- ---Data based on a total of 22,434 murder
offenders showed that 91 percent of the assailants were males,
percent were 18 years of age or older. Fifty-three percent of
the offenders were black and 45 percent were white.
- ---Fifty-five percent of murder victims
were slain by strangers or persons unknown. Among all female
victims in 1995, 26 percent were slain by husbands or boyfriends,
while 3 percent of the male victims were slain by wives or
- ---By circumstance, 28 percent of the
murders resulted from arguments and 18 percent from felonious
such as robbery, arson, etc.
- ---In approximately 7 out of every 10
murders reported during 1995, firearms were the weapons used.
- ---The total of 97,464 forcible rapes
reported to law enforcement during 1995 was the lowest total
since 1989. The
1995 count was 5 percent lower than in 1994.
- ---In the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, the
of forcible rape are always female, and in 1995 an estimated 72
of every 100,000 females in the country were reported rape
- ---In 1995, law enforcement agencies
recorded 580,545 robberies, for a crime rate of 221 robberies per
population nationwide. The volume of robbery was down 6 percent
from the 1994 total; and from 1994 to 1995 robbery rates per
100,000 inhabitants declined in all regions.
- ---Monetary loss attributed to property
stolen in connection with this offense was estimated at $507
robberies resulted in the highest average losses, $4,015 per
offense; convenience store robberies the lowest, $400.
- ---Robberies on streets or highways
accounted for more than half (54 percent) of the offenses in this
- ---In 1995, robberies committed with
firearms accounted for 41 percent of the total, an 8-percent
1994; robberies committed through the use of strong-arm tactics
also accounted for 41 percent of the total, a 3-percent decrease
- ---For the second consecutive year,
aggravated assaults dropped over 1 percent in 1995 to an
estimated total of
1,099,179. Aggravated assaults comprised 61 percent of the
violent crimes in 1995.
- ---There were 418 victims of aggravated
assault for every 100,000 people nationwide in 1995, the lowest
- ---In 1995, 33 percent of the aggravated
assaults were committed with blunt objects or other dangerous
Personal weapons such as hands, fists, and feet were used in 26
percent; firearms in 23 percent; and knives or cutting
instruments in the remainder.
- ---Lower than in any other year of the past
two decades, the estimated burglary total was 2.6 million, and
was 988 per 100,000 inhabitants.
- ---Two out of every 3 burglaries were
residential in nature. Sixty-seven percent of all burglaries
entry, and over half (52 percent) occurred during the daylight
- ---The value of property stolen during
burglaries was estimated at $3.3 billion
- ---Larceny-theft, with an estimated total
of 8 million offenses, comprised 58 percent of the Crime Index
- ---The total dollar loss to victims
nationwide was nearly $4.3 billion during 1995. The average
value of property
stolen was up from the 1994 figure, $505, to $535 per incident.
- ---Thefts of motor vehicle parts,
accessories, and contents made up the largest portion of reported
larcenies, 36 percent.
Motor Vehicle Theft
- ---In 1995, slightly under 1.5 million
thefts of motor vehicles, the lowest total since 1989, were
- ---Seventy-eight percent of all motor
vehicles stolen in 1995 were automobiles.
- ---The estimated
value of motor
vehicles stolen nationwide was nearly $7.6 billion, for an
average of $5,129 per vehicle.
- ---A total of 94,926 arson offenses was
reported in 1995.
- ---As in previous years, structures were
the most frequent targets of arsonists in 1995, comprising 53
the reported incidents. Residential property was involved in 60
percent of the structural arsons during the year; 43 percent of
the arsons were directed at single-family dwellings.
- ---In 1995, the monetary value of property
damaged due to reported arson averaged $11,151 per offense.
- ---Of the arsons cleared during the year,
47 percent involved only young people under the age of 18, a
higher percentage of juvenile involvement than for any other Index
Law Enforcement Employees
- ---A total of 13,052 city, county, and
state police agencies submitting Uniform Crime Reporting data
collectively employing 586,756 officers and 226,780 civilians in
- ---The average rate of 2.4 full-time
officers for every 1,000 inhabitants across the country in 1995
showed a slight
increase from the 1994 figure, 2.3 per 1,000 inhabitants..
- ---Geographically, the highest rate of
officers to population was recorded in the Northeastern States
were 2.7 officers per 1,000 inhabitants.